Conditions such as presbyopia, eye twitching and other vision problems require timely attention and treatment from your doctor or optometrist.

Q: What are significant signs of aging eyes?

A: Presbyopia is a common condition that starts to occur in your late 30s to early to mid-40s. The natural ability of the human lens to focus is decreased over time similar to a camera trying to focus onto a subject matter but failing so you quickly learn the accordion dance with your reading materials. This should be mentioned to your doctor and is by no means a submission to old age, as I commonly hear my patients describe it. Prescription options for multifocal no-line progressive lenses and multifocal contacts lenses are available that will help you see.

Q: What are the common causes of eye twitching? Are there long-term effects?

A: Mild fluttering or twitching of the eyelids can be attributed to increased stress levels, caffeine intake or ocular irritations. In a more severe case of blepharospasm (eye twitching), the blinking or closure of the eyelids can become more persistent and involuntary. Long-term effects of uncontrolled eye twitching can potentially be harmful, especially when severe eyelid twitching starts to interfere with your daily activities. Treatment options are available to treat the underlying cause and eventually relieve the eye twitches. In severe causes, botulinum toxin injections and limited myectomy surgery can be performed to alleviate the condition.

Q: How can you better protect your eyes as you age?

A: Proactive things you can do in your daily life: DOSES

  • Diet: Eat a well-balanced diet with lots of green leafy vegetables
  • Omega fatty acid (fish oils): 0.5-1.0g of EPA + DHA per day
  • Sunglasses and UV-protective wear when outdoors
  • Exercise
  • Stop smoking

Q: Are there any signals of potential vision problems that parents should watch for as their children go back to school?

A: Possible signals could be squinting at the TV, inability to see road signs, or a drastic decrease in grades and attention span while in school. Many children are misdiagnosed with ADHD or other behavioral issues, when in fact, vision is the culprit. It is not uncommon for a childs vision to change in six to 12 months, especially when hitting their growth spurt. Once puberty has passed, annual exams are recommended.

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